int __pmAFsetup(const struct timeval * start , const struct timeval * delta , void * data , void (* func )(int, void *));
int __pmAFregister(const struct timeval * delta , void * data , void (* func )(int, void *));
int __pmAFunregister(int afid );
An event is created by calling __pmAFsetup or __pmAFregister and on success the return value is an event number greater than zero. The event has associated event data identified by the opaque pointer data . The event will occur with frequency delta and each time the event occurs the function func will be called with the event number and the event data as arguments.
If __pmAFsetup is used then the first event is scheduled for the current time plus start , else if __pmAFregister is used then the first event is scheduled for the current time plus delta .
func is called in a SIGALRM signal handler context and so the routines that may be safely called from func are restricted to the so-called async-signal-safe set. In particular there must be no Standard I/O calls nor calls to any of the malloc (3) routines to modify the state of the heap. Refer to the Pointer to a Function Section of the POSIX.1-2013 document at http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/functions/V2_chap02.html for a fuller description.
The safest and simplest class of func routines are those that do minimal processing, set some global state and return. The real work associated with the event is done subsequently from the application's main loop when the global state change is detected.
Once the event occurs and the callback has been executed, the event will be rescheduled for delta into the future, except if all the fields of delta are zero, in which case the event will not be rescheduled (a ``one trip'' event).
Internally, events are processed serially so there is no possibility of nested callbacks or re-entrant callbacks from the event management routines.
Given an event number afid , __pmAFunregister will permanently remove the corresponding entry from the event queue.
To control the event queue processing, __pmAFblock and __pmAFunblock may be used to explicitly block and unblock the dispatch of events. This is most useful when the caller wishes to set up a number of events via __pmAFsetup or __pmAFregister and complete the registration phase before the first event callback occurs.
__pmAFsetup , __pmAFregister and __pmAFunregister return values less than zero in the case of an error. These values are PCP error codes, and may be used to produce error messages via pmErrStr (3).
The routines support the standard PCP debug tracing, and the value DBG_TRACE_AF (or -D af on the command line) will produce diagnostics on standard error that trace the enqueuing and execution of events.
If the callback functions are slow, or delayed, it is possible that the event scheduling could fall behind and never catchup. When this begins to happen, events are silently skipped and rescheduled at the earliest possible time in the future according to the fixed schedule defined by the time of the call to __pmAFsetup and the value of the start and delta arguments (or defined by the time of the call to __pmAFregister and the value of the delta argument).
In addition, the semantics of the interval timer(s) and the global state needed to support these services demand that applications calling these routines must do so from a single thread. This restriction is enforced at the PMAPI (3), where routines may return the error code PM_ERR_THREAD if the library detects calls from more than one thread.